Oracle VirtualBox (for OS compatibility problems)

Scripts and Guide by Soren Birk

This guide describes how to create a shared virtualbox between several users in a Windows domain environment.
This guide will use a virtual machine with Windows XP, but it could be any OS you like. The purpose of this
is to have a virtual environment for programs that can’t run on your primary Operating System.

The package creates a shortcut on all users’ desktop called “Create VirtualXP”. When someone clicks this icon,
a new shortcut will appear on that users’ desktop called “VirtualXP”. This shortcut loads the shared virtual machine,
disables auto-update and disables all the default pop-up messages.

Tested With:

  • OPSI 4.0.2.4
  • Winst 4.11.3.3
  • Windows 7, 64-Bit

Instructions:

Okay, this package is not that easy and you will need to do some preparations for it to work.

  • Prepare VirtualBox-installer (.msi):
    • Start off by downloading VirtualBox for Windows from: https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads
    • Open a command prompt and write: <path-to-file>\VirtualBox-X.X.X-XXXXX-Win.exe –extract
    • You can now find the .msi-file under Appdata → Local → Temp → Virtualbox. You will need both the .msi-file (x64) and the common.cab.
    • Copy them to CLIENT_DATA\VirtualBox
  • Prepare the certificate for silent install:
    • You should now install the program (just use the .exe-file) – accept the certificate when prompted.
    • When installed, go to Run… and write certmgr.msc.
    • Navigate to “trusted publishers” → Right click “Oracle Corporation” and browse to Export… - export the certificate as “oraclecert.cer”.
    • Copy the certificate to CLIENT_DATA\Certificate
  • Prepare the virtual machine:
    • Create a new virtual machine in VirtualBox (doesn’t have to be Windows XP – could also be linux ect.) and set it up with the software you like.
    • Network could cause problems, when you install the package to a new PC, if “bridged” mode is set – I use NAT.
    • When the virtual machine is created as you like, shut it down.
    • Copy the VM-folder from <user folder>\VirtualBox VMs\<VirtualXP> to CLIENT_DATA\VMs-folder.
  • Prepare the user-specific shortcut:
    • Create a shortcut to your desktop with a path to: “C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VBoxManage.exe” startvm VirtualXP.
    • Create a folder called C:\icons and copy the icon you want for the VirtualXP-shortcut to this folder.
    • Finally set the icon for the shortcut.
    • Copy this shortcut to CLIENT_DATA\VMs-folder.
  • Prepare the .bat-file:
    • Create a .bat-file (scroll to the bottom of this guide) and copy it to CLIENT_DATA\VMs.

Tree:

CLIENT_DATA
  ├ setup.ins
  ├ uninstall.ins
  ├ delsub.ins
  ├ vbox-virtualxplogo.png
  ├ Certificate
  │ └ oraclecert.cer
  ├ Icons
  │ ├ registericon.ico
  │ └ virtualxpicon.ico
  ├ VirtualBox
  │ ├ common.cab
  │ └ VirtualBox-X.X.XX-rXXXXX-MultiArch_amd64.msi
  └ VMs
    ├ VirtualXp(.lnk)
    ├ Create_VirtualXP.bat
    └ VirtualXP
      ├ VirtualXP.vbox
      ├ VirtualXP.vbox-prev
      ├ VirtualXP.vdi
      └ Logs (folder)

Use Microsoft Orca to get the Msi-ID for the delsub-script.

Please read through the scripts, as you will need to apply your own domain-specific information.

setup.ins

; Author Soren Birk
 
[Actions]
requiredWinstVersion >= "4.11.2.6"
 
DefVar $MsiId$
DefVar $LogDir$
DefVar $ProductId$  
DefVar $MinimumSpace$
DefVar $InstallDir$
DefVar $ExitCode$
DefVar $ProfilePath$
DefVar $UserProfileName$
DefStringList $UserProfileNamesList$
 
set $UserProfileNamesList$ = getOutStreamFromSection ('DosInAnIcon_list_profiledir')
 
Set $LogDir$ = "%SystemDrive%\tmp"
 
; ----------------------------------------------------------------
; - Please edit these values                                     -
; ----------------------------------------------------------------
Set $ProductId$       = "vbox-virtualxp"
Set $MinimumSpace$    = "5 GB"
Set $InstallDir$      = "%ProgramFiles64Dir%\Oracle\VirtualBox"
; ----------------------------------------------------------------
 
if not(HasMinimumSpace ("%SystemDrive%", $MinimumSpace$))
	LogError "Not enough free space on %SystemDrive%, " + $MinimumSpace$ + " on the drive %SystemDrive% is needed for " + $ProductId$
	isFatalError "Not enough free space"
	; Stop the proces and set installation status as failed
else
	comment "Show product logo"
	ShowBitmap "%ScriptPath%\vbox-virtualxplogo.png" "VirtualBox - Virtual Windows XP"
 
	if FileExists("%ScriptPath%\delsub.ins")
		comment "Start uninstall sub section"
		Sub "%ScriptPath%\delsub.ins"
	endif
 
	Message "Installing " + $ProductId$ + " ..."
 
	ChangeDirectory "%SCRIPTPATH%"
 
	comment "Certificat is being installed"
	DosInAnIcon_install_cert
 
	comment "Start setup-program"
	Winbatch_install
 
	comment "Copying Virtual Machine"
	Files_install
 
	comment "Creating desktop shortcut"
	LinkFolder_install
 
	comment "Setting permissions for Domain Users (VMs)"
	DosInAnIcon_set_rights
 
endif
 
[DosInAnIcon_install_cert]
certutil -addstore "TrustedPublisher" "%ScriptPath%\Certificat\oraclecert.cer"
 
[Winbatch_install]
msiexec /i "%ScriptPath%\VirtualBox\VirtualBox-X.X.XX-rXXXXX-MultiArch_amd64.msi" /l* "$LogDir$\$ProductId$.install_log.txt" /qb! ALLUSERS=1 REBOOT=ReallySuppress
 
[Files_install]
copy -s "%ScriptPath%\VMs\*.*" "%Systemdrive%\VMs\"
; copying icons also
copy -s "%ScriptPath%\icons\*.*" "%Systemdrive%\icons\"
 
[LinkFolder_install]
set_basefolder common_desktopdirectory
set_subfolder ""
; deleting standard shortcut
delete_element "Oracle VM VirtualBox"
; creating new shortcut
set_link
	name: "Create VirtualXP"
	target: "%Systemdrive%\VMs\Create_VirtualXP.bat"
	parameters: 
	working_dir: 
	icon_file: "%Systemdrive%\icons\registericon.ico"
	icon_index: 
end_link
 
[DosInAnIcon_set_rights]
cacls C:\VMs /E /T /C /G "<yourdomain>\Domain Users":C
 
[DosInAnIcon_list_profiledir]
@echo off
dir "%Systemdrive%\Users" /b /ad
 
[Files_uninstall2]
del -sf "%Systemdrive%\Users\$UserProfileName$\Desktop\VirtualXP.lnk"
 
[Sub_check_exitcode]
comment "Test for installation success via exit code"
set $ExitCode$ = getLastExitCode
; informations to exit codes see
; http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa372835(VS.85).aspx
; http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa368542.aspx
if ($ExitCode$ = "0")
	comment "Looks good: setup program gives exitcode zero"
else
	comment "Setup program gives a exitcode unequal zero: " + $ExitCode$
	if ($ExitCode$ = "1605")
		comment "ERROR_UNKNOWN_PRODUCT	1605	This action is only valid for products that are currently installed."
		comment "Uninstall of a not installed product failed - no problem"
	else
		if ($ExitCode$ = "1641")
			comment "looks good: setup program gives exitcode 1641"
			comment "ERROR_SUCCESS_REBOOT_INITIATED	1641	The installer has initiated a restart. This message is indicative of a success."
		else
			if ($ExitCode$ = "3010")
				comment "looks good: setup program gives exitcode 3010"
				comment "ERROR_SUCCESS_REBOOT_REQUIRED	3010	A restart is required to complete the install. This message is indicative of a success."
			else
				logError "Fatal: Setup program gives an unknown exitcode unequal zero: " + $ExitCode$
				isFatalError
			endif
		endif
	endif
endif

uninstall.ins

; Author Soren Birk
 
[Actions]
requiredWinstVersion >= "4.11.2.6"
 
DefVar $MsiId$
DefVar $LogDir$
DefVar $ExitCode$
DefVar $ProductId$
DefVar $InstallDir$
DefVar $ProfilePath$
DefVar $UserProfileName$
DefStringList $UserProfileNamesList$
 
set $UserProfileNamesList$ = getOutStreamFromSection ('DosInAnIcon_list_profiledir')
 
Set $LogDir$ = "%SystemDrive%\tmp"
 
; ----------------------------------------------------------------
; - Please edit these values                                     -
; ----------------------------------------------------------------
Set $ProductId$       = "vbox-virtualxp"
Set $InstallDir$      = "%ProgramFiles64Dir%\Oracle\VirtualBox"
; ----------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
comment "Show product logo"
ShowBitmap "%ScriptPath%\vbox-virtualxplogo.png" "VirtualBox - Virtual Windows XP"
 
Message "Uninstalling " + $ProductId$ + " ..."
 
if FileExists("%ScriptPath%\delsub.ins")
	comment "Start uninstall sub section"
	Sub "%ScriptPath%\delsub.ins"
endif
 
[DosInAnIcon_list_profiledir]
@echo off
dir "%Systemdrive%\Users" /b /ad
 
[Files_uninstall2]
del -sf "%Systemdrive%\Users\$UserProfileName$\Desktop\VirtualXP.lnk"

delsub.ins

; Author Soren Birk
 
 
Set $MsiId$ = '{XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX}'
 
 
Message "Uninstalling " + $ProductId$ + " ..."
 
if not (GetRegistryStringValue64("[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\" + $MsiId$ + "] DisplayName") = "")
	comment "MSI id " + $MsiId$ + " found in registry, starting uninstall"
	Winbatch_uninstall_msi
	sub_check_exitcode
endif
 
comment "Deleting files"
Files_uninstall
 
comment "Deleting shortcuts"
LinkFolder_uninstall
 
 
for %prof% in $UserProfileNamesList$ do Sub_check_user
 
 
[Winbatch_uninstall_msi]
msiexec /x $MsiId$ /qb! REBOOT=ReallySuppress
 
[Files_uninstall]
del -sf "$InstallDir$\"
del -sf "%Systemdrive%\VMs\VirtualXP\"
 
[LinkFolder_uninstall]
set_basefolder common_desktopdirectory
set_subfolder ""
delete_element "Create VirtualXP"
 
[Sub_check_user]
Set $UserProfileName$ = "%prof%"
if not ($UserProfileName$ = "") and not ($UserProfileName$ = "All Users") and not ($UserProfileName$ = "Public") and not ($UserProfileName$ = "LocalService") and not ($UserProfileName$ = "NetworkService")
	if FileExists("%Systemdrive%\Users\%prof%\Desktop\VirtualXP.lnk")
		Files_uninstall2
	endif
endif
 
[Sub_check_exitcode]
comment "Test for installation success via exit code"
set $ExitCode$ = getLastExitCode
; informations to exit codes see
; http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa372835(VS.85).aspx
; http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa368542.aspx
if ($ExitCode$ = "0")
	comment "Looks good: setup program gives exitcode zero"
else
	comment "Setup program gives a exitcode unequal zero: " + $ExitCode$
	if ($ExitCode$ = "1605")
		comment "ERROR_UNKNOWN_PRODUCT	1605	This action is only valid for products that are currently installed."
		comment "Uninstall of a not installed product failed - no problem"
	else
		if ($ExitCode$ = "1641")
			comment "looks good: setup program gives exitcode 1641"
			comment "ERROR_SUCCESS_REBOOT_INITIATED	1641	The installer has initiated a restart. This message is indicative of a success."
		else
			if ($ExitCode$ = "3010")
				comment "looks good: setup program gives exitcode 3010"
				comment "ERROR_SUCCESS_REBOOT_REQUIRED	3010	A restart is required to complete the install. This message is indicative of a success."
			else
				logError "Fatal: Setup program gives an unknown exitcode unequal zero: " + $ExitCode$
				isFatalError
			endif
		endif
	endif
endif

Create_VirtualXP.bat

"C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VBoxManage.exe" registervm C:\VMs\VirtualXP\VirtualXP.vbox
"C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VBoxManage.exe" setextradata global GUI/UpdateDate never
"C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VBoxManage.exe" setextradata global GUI/SuppressMessages remindAboutAutoCapture,remindAboutMouseIntegrationOn,showRuntimeError.warning.HostAudioNotResponding,remindAboutGoingSeamless,remindAboutInputCapture,remindAboutGoingFullscreen,remindAboutMouseIntegrationOff,confirmGoingSeamless,confirmInputCapture,remindAboutPausedVMInput,confirmVMReset,confirmGoingFullscreen,remindAboutWrongColorDepth
xcopy "C:\VMs\VirtualXP.lnk" "C:\Users\%username%\Desktop\" /Y
msg * "VirtualXP can now be found as a desktop shortcut"

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